Malaga is a Spanish city, capital of the homonymous province which is part of the autonomous community of Andalusia. It is located just south of the Iberian Peninsula in the far west of the Mediterranean Sea.
Malaga occupies an area of almost 395 km2 extending over the Malaga Mountains and the Guadalhorce Valley. The city is located in the central area of a bay surrounded by mountains, it is also crossed by two rivers, the Guadalhorce and Guadalmedina ending in the Mediterranean Sea.
Around 570,000 people live in the capital being Malaga the sixth most populous city in Spain and the second of Andalusia.
Malaga owes its foundation to the Phoenicians on the eighth century B.C; it began as a federated town, later it belonged to the Roman Empire and also was a prosperous Andalusian medina which all ended when it joined the Crown of Castile in 1487.
During the nineteenth century the city prospered its industry becoming the first Spanish industrial city; it was also the main city which experienced the tourist boom in the 60's and 70's.
Malaga is today considered a remarkable cultural and economic centre as well as being an important communications hub with an international airport, its port and its high-speed rail station.
One of the attractions of Malaga is its great subtropical-mediterranean weather whose average temperature does not rise beyond 18° C; the average is 25.4º C in August and in January you can enjoy a mild winter with an average minimum of 11.9º C. Summers are warm and humid, with some days of terral which is defined as a dry, hot wind from the interior of the province.
Medium humidity reaches 66%; of its 365 days 43 are rainy, which as a rule tends to occur during the colder months, not in vain Malaga is one of the cities with more hours of sunshine a year in Spain with 2815 hours of sunshine on average.
The beaches of Malaga have been one of the main interests, the city boasts 16 of different nature among which we find the beaches of San Julian, Guadalmar, Guadalhorce, La Misericordia, la Malagueta, La Caleta, Los Baños del Carmen, etc.
Malaga has a considerable architectural and archaeological heritage. Near Mount Gibralfaro are situated the main monuments. From the Muslim past in the city remains the castle that crowns the mountain and was built by Yusuf I of Granada in the fourteenth century.
From the ancient Arab heritage also is preserved the palace-fortress of the Alcazaba from the eleventh century and next to it also continues the Roman theater built during the early first century.
Other attractions are: The Cathedral of la Encarnacion in Renaissance style with baroque elements, the Episcopal Palace and Park of Malaga, a subtropical botanical garden next to the port containing specimens from five continents; the park is surrounded by monumental buildings worth seeing.
The Alameda Principal is the main street of the historic centre that reaches the Calle Marques de Larios, which communicates with the old Plaza Mayor which is nowadays known as Constitution Square and is flanked by a series of buildings inspired by the Chicago School style, a unique place in Andalusia where most events take place. Malaga is also known for being the birthplace of the painter Pablo Ruiz Picasso with two destinations devoted to the painter: His birthplace in the Plaza de la Merced and the Picasso Museum Malaga.
Malaga is full of examples of religious architecture of different styles such as the Church of St. John, of the Martyrs, Santiago, San Lazaro and the Church of Blessed Sacrament.
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Within the province of Malaga can be found a multitude of municipalities to visit, as for instance destinations such as Mijas, Nerja, Marbella, Estepona, Torremolinos, Benalmádena, Ronda and Antequera. In each of these locations you can discover aspects of andalusian life; along the Costa del Sol villages you will find exquisite cuisine and plenty of fun and nightlife, meanwhile just a few kilometres inland you can discover beautiful white villages and magnificent nature.
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